World Map Creation - Biomes

World Map Creation - Biomes

After testing extensively the features of the terrain generator Gaea (as we saw in the previous post), we began the construction of no less than ten different biomes to populate our planet!


⛰️ PHASE 6 - Biomes Design

The first step of this phase was to lay out each biome with Gaea's powerful node system. 

Since the graphs can become quite large, Gaea has implemented a portal system in which a specific node chain can be recalled and connected anywhere within the document. This is a great feature for us, because it allowed us to create each biome independently in their unique tab and keep a very complex and messy graph super organized! 

We were very mindful of the terrain erosion as we designed each biome. Some biomes have a wet environment that creates large sedimentation, others are dry and show thermal erosion, others form terraces, and others have rocky mountains or fluvial hills.

For our purpose, we developed an initial base terrain we called Hard Strata, and from this terrain we eroded and produced six others: Tundra Smooth, Soft Sediment, Fluvial Hill, Folded Desert, Rocky Desert, and Lush Forest.

Gaea terrain nodes for creating hard strata terrain, by Heledahn

Once we obtained the seven terrain types (a screenshot is shown further ahead), we worked on the biome color gradients.

Gaea terrain node example to make a chaparral biome by Heledahn

Using as a reference images of the earth biomes as seen from the satellite, we created our 10 biomes as follows:


Gaea polar biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea tundra biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea coniferous biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea deciduous biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn

Temperate Grassland

Gaea temperate grassland biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea chaparral biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea steppe biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea savanna biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn

Tropical Forest

Gaea tropical forest biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn


Gaea desert biome terrain 3D model by Heledahn

🎨 PHASE 7 - Final Terrain & Biome Blend

The final step was to divide the whole world map into tiles and make the terrains in Gaea. As we stated in our previous post, Gaea allows for making tiled terrains that can be as big as one can ever dream of. However, we run into complications.

The tile system is still relatively new, and it works best for randomly generated terrains. Since we were working with custom heightmaps, we found the tile system was a bit buggy.

Even though we encountered challenges, we could make the tile system work. However, the blending of the tiles was not 100% perfect (there was some overlapping), and the biggest issue is that it took too long to calculate each tile (around 30 minutes per tile)

Since Gaea can export terrains in 8K and even 16K, we decided to generate whole continents all at once.

A resolution of 8K was good enoughalthough we now regret not having done it in 16K. We knew that mixing the different terrains would still take very long, so we made a whole continent in 8K for each terrain type (no biome colors yet, just the land).

Seven terrains with different erosions made in Gaea by Heledahn

Once we had all the terrains, we imported them back into Gaea, and mixed them together using masks that we drew directly into mask nodes. The beauty of this method is that Gaea can bake it all together and blend it by adding a wizard erosion node at the end of the mix. The final terrain had seven different terrain types distributed around the continent and blended seamlessly. We then added the River, Lake and Sea nodes, and we obtained a wonderful continent with incredibly realistic topology!

Gaea maps exported to build a 3D terrain of a whole continent, by Heledahn

With the final, consistent terrain, we then generated ten versions, shaded in each of our ten biomes. This versions all shared the same exact terrain, altitude, rivers, lakes, and sunlight, so we could blend them in Photoshop without worries, and it always blended perfectly. 

Using the Sunlight node from Gaea, and setting it at 60, 30, 0, -30, and -60 degrees, we created a Sunlight map, that proved very useful to add extra details to the final terrain colormap!

Blending the biome terrains in Photoshop to create a 3D terrain, by Heledahn

After all the hard work we achieved our goal and created the world terrain of our story! 🎉 

We still regret not having exported the maps in 16K, but since we have all the files, it is not impossible to do it in the future if we really must.

The final color map of our world of Cpside, made in Gaea by Heledahn to create a 3D model of the planet

For now this texture will look amazing once we turn it into a real planet with atmosphere, clouds, and other effects. But all that have to wait for the next post!

Stay tuned 📺

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